It is now commonly recognized that white people do more drugs than Blacks and Hispanics, but go to jail for it far less often.
White kids also smoke and drink more than Black kids, which most people would assume should correlate with youthful rebellion or rowdiness, but it’s the Black kids that are expelled from school at far higher rates than those hard smoking, booze-swilling whites.
What the numbers are telling us is that the way Black people actually behave is not nearly as important as the way the state intervenes in Black people’s lives.
Crime statistics do not measure actual crime; they measure arrests and convictions. In that sense, crime statistics are actually measurements of the activities of police, prosecutors, and judges; Black people are simply the objects that are being acted upon, by the criminal justice system.